If you’ve ever looked in the mirror wishing you had a nicer skin type, then you’re not alone. Many people are frustrated by blemishes, dry patches, shiny skin, and inability to find the right products. Most people suffer because they’re unaware of the traits characterizing the different skin types, which means they can’t give theirs the proper nurturing. If you don’t know much about skin types, it’s time to learn today.
In this article:
- The Different Skin Types
Skincare Tips For Every Skin Type
The Different Skin Types
You might be asking yourself, “what kind of skin do I have?” There are 5 different skin types, and each one has specific skincare techniques to make it supple and bouncy.
Many categories share some traits, even if you aren’t the tricky combination (dry-oily) skin type. Just do your best, then follow the advice on how to care for each. It may take a while to find the right products and get a solid routine down, but by following the suggestions you’ll start off on the right foot. Let’s get started.
Normal Skin Type
While “normal” is a hard word to define, in the case of skin it typically means a complexion that doesn’t pose much difficulty. It balances itself naturally, puts up with a minimal skincare routine and typically responds well to most treatments. This means normal skin has:
- Few blemishes
- Relatively little oil or dryness
- Normal pore size
- Easy to care for with a basic scrub and moisturizer
- Quick resolution of blemishes, oiliness, or dryness
- Little change in complexion over time
- Few discolorations (though freckles are quite common)
Note that normal skin types aren’t more resilient than other skin types when it comes to harsh chemicals or sunlight. Always apply your sunscreen, avoid products with unnatural ingredients, and take off any cosmetics at night.
Many skin types are capable of having stretches of normal skin, especially with good care, including oily and dry skin types. Those, however, are defined as a natural tendency toward one end of the spectrum or another.
Dry Skin Type
Dry skin is not the most difficult of the different skin types, but for those who suffer from it, it does pose a great deal of frustration. Flakiness, dryness, redness, and rough patches all characterize dry skin. It also:
- Flares up in response to hot showers
- Turns white and scaly in dry weather
- Absorbs moisturizer without noticeable effect
- Builds up skin cells at the corners of the nose, around the mouth and on the forehead
The best way to care for this type of skin is to prevent it from getting dried out in the first place. That means steering clear of overly hot showers or baths, which both strips the skin’s oils and results in flaking. It also means using an oil-based moisturizer, rather than a water-based one and avoiding washing your face more than once a day.
Oily Skin Type
Among the five types of skin, oily is the one with the most obvious skin characteristics. Oily skin tends to suffer from:
- Shininess, even right after bathing
- Oil buildup throughout the day
- Particularly oily patches on the forehead, nose, and chin – known as the T-Zone
- Even greater oil production in response to supposedly “drying” products (which is your skin compensating for the stripped oils)
Oily skin types do best with twice-a-day washing, a light water-based moisturizer, and mild products. While it’s tempting to get all that oil off, your skin needs some oil, so don’t use harsh washes or scrubs. It’s also helpful to use a toner to balance skin and shrink pores.
Combination Skin Type
Of all the skin types, this is perhaps the most difficult to care for. Although sensitive skin, discussed below, tends to throw tantrums in response to changes in weather or products, it at least has consistent traits. Combination skin types, on the other hand, have different characteristics on different parts of the face.
In the T-Zone, for instance, skin tends to be shiny and oily, just like oily types of skin. However, on cheeks and around the mouth, it may present as dry, with rough patches, flaking, and redness. This combination acne-prone skin tends to break out in the T-Zone, but can also overproduce oil on dry patches and have blackheads and whiteheads there as well.
The best approach to combination skincare is to use balancing products that you can safely put on your whole face. In extreme cases, form two different skincare routines: one for the oily T-Zone and another for the drier parts of your face.
Sensitive Skin Type
Of the range of skin types, this is the one most likely to flare up and prove difficult to calm back down. It’s also the most difficult to diagnose, as it can show signs of all the others. If you’ve asked yourself over and over “What kind of skin do I have?” or “What skin type do I have?” and can’t pin it down, it’s likely the answer is “sensitive skin type.”
Among the main giveaways of the sensitive skin type are:
- Redness and irritation, even in response to mild weather changes or products
- Very picky about skin care routines
- Alternately oily, dry or normal – sometimes all at once
- Burning and itching, even without visible signs
- Oily in response to drying products
The best way to care for sensitive skin types is to research what triggers flare-ups. Certain skincare products and foods are often responsible. For instance, many people with sensitive skin notice redness in response to products containing salicylic acid or foods that contain a lot of fat. Make a list of your own triggers and avoid them, and only buy products made with natural ingredients and formulated for sensitive skin.
Find out how to know your skin type from this video by Glamrs:
Knowing your skin type will provide the information and empowerment you need to care for your complexion now and in future. So do your research, follow the routine most closely aligned with your skin type and take note of what works. Soon enough you’ll know much more about your needs and can refine your regimen over time, for happier skin life-long!
How do you care for your skin type? Share your skin health tips with us in the comments below!